You might’ve been in this situation before, but if you haven’t, trust me, it’s not a good thing. Sometimes you might not be close enough to the individual to know exactly where their inhaler is located. So here are a few tips on what you can do:
1) Stay calm: The first thing you want to do in this situation is to ask the patient to remain calm as restlessness will only worsen the situation for the patient. How you might ask? Asthma is basically a condition of inflamed and narrow airways with extra mucus making it difficult for that individual to breathe. So it makes sense that the first thing you should do is try to make maximum use of the little oxygen that the individual is getting.
2) Eliminate what triggered it: For example, if it is a situation where people were smoking in the room, take the patient away from that place. It could also be alcohol as it contains histamine that is released by the body during allergic reactions. If you’ve known the person long enough, and are aware of any triggers in the past, do your best to eliminate them.
3) Help them sit up right: In this position, the airways remain as unobstructed as possible, which might help reduce the severity of the condition.
4) Ask them to steady their breathing: When the breathing is taken more slowly and steady, there will be efficient usage of whatever oxygen the patient is getting. Panting will do the exact opposite as the difficulty will only grow worse.Also try pursed lip breathing (breathe in through nose, breathe out through pursed lips for twice as long) and belly breathing (breathe in with hands placed on belly).
5) Assess the severity of the condition and seek medical help: This is self-explanatory as there isn’t much you can do to end the attack completely, considering you are not a professional.
6) Try some Home remedies: Assuming it’s not possible to get medical help immediately, one should attempt remedies such as caffeine and eucalyptus oil as research has proven that they could help relieve symptoms of asthma.